Sanskrit was considered as Dev Bhasha, Devavani or the language of the Gods by ancient Indians. The word Sanskrita, means refined or purified. It is made up of the primordial sounds, and is developed systematically to include the natural progressions of sounds as created in the human mouth. The ancient Indians attached a great deal of importance to sound, and hence their writing poetry or prose, had a rhythmic and musical quality. Our modern languages of India are children of Sanskrit, and owe most of their vocabulary and their forms of expression to it. Sanskrit the classical language of Hinduism is the oldest and the most systematic language in the word. The vastness and the versatility, and power of expression can be appreciated by fact that, this language has 65 words to describe various forms of earth, 67 words for water, and 250 words to describe rainfall. The Sanskrit grammarians wished to construct a perfect language, which would belong to no one and thus belong to all, which would not develop but remain an ideal instrument of communication and culture for all people and all time. Our four houses are named after renowned Sanskrit literary works.
Panini, the legendary Sanskrit grammarian of 5th century BC is the worlds first computational grammarian. Paninis work Ashtadhyayi (the book with eight chapters) is considered to be the most comprehensive scientific grammar book ever written for any language. A complete book on Sanskrit grammar in the world, Panini composed the Sanskrit grammar Ashtadhyayi in 4000 short verses. It reveals the inner mechanics of how the language works and how words evolved. The Panini grammar reflects the wondrous capacity of the human brain, which till today no other country has been able to produce except India.
Kalidasas Shakuntal is a famed drama, which is incomparable for its beauty, charm, tenderness and fidelity to nature and which in fact stands at the head of the dramatic literature of the world. Kalidasa wrote three plays. Among them Abhijanashkuntalam is generally regarded as a master-piece. It was among the first Sanskrit works to be translated into English and has since been translated in any languages. The story of King Dushyanta while on a hunting trip meets Shakuntala, the adopted daughter of a sage and marries her. A mishap befalls them when he is summoned back to court: Shakuntala, pregnant with their child, inadvertently offends a visiting sage and incurs a curse, by which Dushyanta will forget her completely until he sees the ring he has left with her. On her trip to Dushyantas court she is in an advance state of pregnancy. She loses the ring, and has to come back unrecognized. The ring is found by a fisherman who recognizes the royal seal and returns it to Dushyanta, who regains his memory of Shakuntala and sets out to find her. After more travails, they finally reunite.
India has always believed in the harmonious relation between man and forces of nature and the importance of each season has beautifully brought into light by the great poet Kalidas in Ritu Samhaara, a poem written by him. It can be called the Medley of Seasons or Garland of Seasons. The Ritu Samhaara has been divided into six main chapters, each chapter describing vividly the seasons of India. The six seasons that have been described by Kalidasa are Summer, Spring, Monsoon, Autumn, Frost and Winter.
The Meghaduta, literally translates to a cloud messenger. It is divided into two parts, Purva Megha (previous cloud) and Uttara Megha (Consequent cloud). According to the story, the treasurer of Gods, Kubera has a group of divine attendants working for him called the Yakshas. One of these Yakshas was so smitten and obsessed with his wife that he ignores his duties. He was cursed and banished into the woods on earth. Thoroughly dejected, he kept thinking about his wife and missed her a lot. His wife also used to think about him day and night. Then one day, monsoons arrived on earth. The Yaksha saw a rain cloud pass by and requested it to carry a message to his wife. The Yaksha then started to describe the route the cloud should be taking. The description is so captivating and so vivid that one can actually feel like the scenes are flashing in front of the eyes. The Yaksha makes the route seem as attractive as possible so that the cloud takes his message to his wife. The emotions portrayed are so beautiful that it couldnt have been given a better treatment by any other poet.